Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Selection and Disclosure

Hydraulic fracturing is a safe, proven technology used by the oil and natural gas industry for more than 60 years and in more than a million wells across the United States. This process typically requires the pressurized injection of water to create a localized network of fissures into which we pump sand to allow trapped hydrocarbons to safely flow to the surface. After processing through our production facilities, these hydrocarbons eventually heat our homes and businesses, fuel our vehicles, are a feedstock for manufacturing and generate electricity.

For a more detailed look, see Range's Hydraulic Fracturing Fact Sheet

We feel that transparency and open dialogue are important to the continued progress of energy development. These principles led Range to become the first company to voluntarily disclose the fracturing fluid for each completed shale gas well on our website. Range complies with state regulations by providing a well-by-well disclosure of completed wells fracturing fluid through Frac Focus, a national disclosure registry for oil and gas exploration founded by the Ground Water Protection Council and the Interstate Oil & Gas Compact Commission. Range has also supported frac fluid disclosure of Act 13 and voluntary industry trade group efforts.

In Pennsylvania, Act 13 “enacted one of the most aggressive and transparent hydraulic fracturing disclosure laws in the country.….Colorado’s requirements, upon which much of this Act’s disclosure requirements were based, were hailed by progressive industry representatives, environmental organizations and many other groups as a model for other states.” – Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection

Range works with service companies to design and select the most environmentally friendly additives possible for hydraulic fracturing, based on technical needs and feasibility. For a typical shale well, more than 99% of the fracturing fluid is water and sand, the rest is a blend of common additives that are a part of our everyday lives, some of which are biodegradable. For instance, as a best engineering practice, Range has replaced an antimicrobial with a naturally-occurring nitrate-reducing bacteria, which is biodegradable and nonhazardous, in our Pennsylvania operations.

For the vast majority of Range’s activities a well completion may consist of:


Range does not use diesel fuel or BTEX in any fracturing fluids. For a more complete analysis of fracturing fluid composition disclosures, please visit fracfocus.org